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REALISM/EXPRESSIONISM WHAT IS TRUTH?????

PARADOX: The camera records and distorts at the same time.

Early American Cinema developed realism as a narrative style.

Early German Cinema developed expressionism as a narrative style:

 Ernst Kirchner: Self Portrait

REALISM: THIS IS THE WORLD

EXPRESSIONISM: WELCOME TO MY WORLD

Proceeds from the ability of the camera to accurately record visual reality. Proceeds from the ability of the camera to distort reality. Linked to expressionist painting of the early 20th Century.
The audience is looking in at the “actual” world. Objective The audience is looking at a world that is clearly not “actual”.  Subjective.
Mise-en-scene:

  • Cinematography: distanced and accurate
  • Lighting: natural
  • Sound, natural
  • Music, unobtrusive
  • Movement, naturalistic
  • Acting: realistic
Mise-en-scene:

  • Cinematography: distorted, extreme, subjective
  • Lighting: powerful
  • Sound, distorted
  • Music: obvious
  • Movement:stylized, choreographed
  • Acting: non-realistic

 

Turns the audience into an observer. Recreates a psychological state, often from the character’s point of view.
Allows the audience to judge. We are Creates judgment in the audience.
We are watching events. We are watching a film.
Used especially in documentaries, most Hollywood narrative films, and “Social Realist” movies of the 1950’s Used in Film Noir, musicals and horror movies. Also, cartoons.
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