PARADOX: The camera records and distorts at the same time.
Early American Cinema developed realism as a narrative style.
Early German Cinema developed expressionism as a narrative style:
Ernst Kirchner: Self Portrait
REALISM: THIS IS THE WORLD
EXPRESSIONISM: WELCOME TO MY WORLD
|Proceeds from the ability of the camera to accurately record visual reality.||Proceeds from the ability of the camera to distort reality. Linked to expressionist painting of the early 20th Century.|
|The audience is looking in at the “actual” world. Objective||The audience is looking at a world that is clearly not “actual”. Subjective.|
|Turns the audience into an observer.||Recreates a psychological state, often from the character’s point of view.|
|Allows the audience to judge. We are||Creates judgment in the audience.|
|We are watching events.||We are watching a film.|
|Used especially in documentaries, most Hollywood narrative films, and “Social Realist” movies of the 1950’s||Used in Film Noir, musicals and horror movies. Also, cartoons.|